Saba Saba 2014 Resolutions

R. Muko.

The Saba Saba day celebrations were finally held at the Uhuru Park. The celebrations were attended by thousands of Kenyans.

Speaker after speaker reminded the government to exercize a sense of justice in the allocation of resources and also in addressing the welfare of all its citizens.

The Saba Saba Celebrations had been given negative publicity by nearly all the media houses in the country. They had also been painted as a pretext for fuelling violence by the Jubilee Coalition.

Saba Saba is a day of great significance to Kenya. It is a day to be celebrated by both those in the echelons of power and those in the opposition. It symbolizes a great day of dialogue accross the political divide. The fact that the government opted not to dialogue by the opposition has painted it in bad light.

Well, as Kenyans we had been treated to tensions of how scary this day would be, only for it to turn to be very peaceful. Hongera CORD for such a grand day.

At the end of the celebrations the following list of resolutions were promulgated by the Coalition of Reform and Democracy (CORD):

1. We launch today OKOA KENYA, a people’s movement to defend our Constitution, support one another in good and bad times, protect the gains we have made in democratic governance, and rededicate ourselves to national unity and peaceful co-existence. See also: CORD leaders don’t have clean hands

2. Demand that the Jubilee administration addresses the escalating cost of living by reviewing the taxation regime; failing which we will boycott the consumption of goods and services whose prices are beyond the reach of the common Mwananchi and commence commercial sanctions against companies which continue to ignore our plight.

3. Convene an all-inclusive National Referendum Committee (NRC) for the purpose of preparing the people of Kenya for a national referendum on the critical challenges facing our Nation.

4. Mandate the National Referendum Committee to ensure the maximum participation of the people of Kenya in the referendum at the County, Sub-County and Ward levels all over Kenya; in formulating the referendum question(s), collecting and collating one million signatures to initiate the referendum.

5. Having lost all confidence in the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC); donow demand its immediate disbandment and the establishment of a new electoral body.

6. Demand the immediate end to corruption, wasteful spending, reckless borrowing within and by Jubilee Government. In this regard, we demand that the Jubilee administrationimmediately cancels the inflated security camera contract irregularly awarded to Safaricom and that Safaricom withdraws from the contracts and subjects itself to competitive bidding, failing which we will commence commercial sanctions on Safaricom and other companies abetting corruption or engaging in monopolistic practices.

7. Demand that the Jubilee administration takes immediate steps to withdraw our gallant soldiers from Somalia to join our forces in securing our nation from home.

8. Demand that the Jubilee administration takes visible, decisive action to deal with runaway insecurity, including holding the senior security officials accountable for hundreds of Kenyans who have been killed and maimed in the various attacks and conflicts across the country.

9. Reject attempts by the Executive through Parliament to bastardise the Report of the Truth Justice and Reconciliation Commission (TJRC Report) and demand the immediate implementation of the original and unadulterated Report.

10. Demand that the Jubilee administration immediately addressesthe underlying land issues that are at the heart of some of the most enduring historical injustices and conflicts in our society.

11. Demand a National Audit and publication by the Public Service Commission of all appointments made in the public service by the Jubilee administration, with full details listing names, ethnic backgrounds and percentages.

12. Recognizing that the Jubilee administration has failed to apply national resources equitably across the country, we demand that 40 per centum of the projected ordinary revenue of the current fiscal year be allocated to the County Governments.

13. Demand that a National Audit on how resources at the disposal of the National Jubilee administration are applied across the country

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Raila writes to Uhuru Asking him to Welcome the National Dialogue

By BERNARD NAMUNANE, June 20th 2014, Daily Nation

Cord leader Raila Odinga has written to President Uhuru Kenyatta, assuring him that he is not interested in grabbing power.

Mr Odinga said he had accepted the results of the General Election and that he was ready to play his role in the opposition.

Addressing President Kenyatta as “my brother”, Mr Odinga was categorical that he neither held a grudge over the way he lost in the last elections nor would he use the clamour for dialogue to seek a position in government.

He said Cord’s intention was to use the national dialogue to debate and find solutions to the avalanche of problems he warned “may tear the country apart if not immediately addressed”.

The former Prime Minister also assured the Head of State of his support in the war against terror and criminal gangs, which he said had taken an upper hand in parts of the country, leading to the killing of 65 people in Mpeketoni, Lamu.

“I want to assure your Excellency that we hold no grudges nor do we want to interfere with your tenure and that of the Jubilee administration as the President and the Government of the Republic of Kenya,” he said in the letter dated June 20.

He said he and other Cord leaders have been holding peaceful rallies as a way of engaging the people in an open and public discourse “on how we can make Kenya great and prosperous; a free nation, a people-liberated and an independent country in the international community of nations”.

It appears Mr Odinga’s move is intended to cool political temperatures that have risen in recent days following his return three weeks ago from a three-week stay in the United States.

The letter comes in the wake of growing tension in the country, triggered by terror and criminal attacks on the one hand and a heightened political mood arising from the clamour for national dialogue.


While Cord has insisted that it is the only way to end the current “crisis”, Jubilee MPs have argued that the opposition was using the push for the conference for political reasons — to acquire power outside the ballot.

President Kenyatta and Deputy President William Ruto have argued that some of the issues that Cord wants discussed can be resolved through Parliament and warned that while they hold forte at State House, they were open to talking over “a cup of tea” with their rivals.

But Mr Odinga argued the issues at hand were beyond the floor of the House, requiring both sides of the political divide and other stakeholders to resolve in a “structured” way.

“We have a constitutional mandate as the opposition in Parliament and as a coalition of political parties. However, the problems and challenges facing the country cannot all be addressed as an exercise of law-making or oversight. Nor can they be resolved on the basis of the classical interplay between the three arms of government,” he said.

Quoting Isaiah 1:18, he said great leaders in the world who chose the path of national dialogue in times of crisis emerged victorious.

But in Friday’s letter, he repeated that there were five critical issues afflicting the country and which needed to be discussed to guarantee Kenya’s security and prosperity.

“I seek no office or reward. So I offer the hand of peace and an olive branch so that we may dwell in unity, peace and liberty and in happiness and prosperity,” said Mr Odinga in the letter.

The five points Mr Odinga wants discussed are inclusivity and national unity, devolution, corruption, the electoral process and national security.

He enumerated the incidents that have called into question the state of the country’s national security, among them the attacks in Mpeketoni, Likoni, Diani, Mwembe Tayari, Thika Road and Gikomba in which more than 100 people had been killed.

“To deal with this sequel of terror and its fatal and devastating effects, the nation must sit and dialogue together and in unison combat terror and other invasions to our peace, prosperity and the rule of law,” he said.

He called for the withdrawal of the Kenya Defence Forces from Somalia.

The Cord leader said corruption had manifested itself in the payment of Sh1.4 billion for Anglo Leasing type contracts and questions surrounding the standard gauge railway line and the laptops project for primary schools. “Major questions are being raised about the probity and accountability of several pork-barrel and ‘sweetheart’ deals in the energy, oil, mining and agricultural sectors,” he said.

On the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission, he said: “It is not my wish to contest the results of the presidential elections held in 2013. Rather, I want the power and might of the ballot exercised and cast in freely contested democratic elections.”

There was a mixed reaction to Mr Odinga’s overtures from President Kenyatta’s allies, with Starehe MP Maina Kamanda saying the move would help cool tension in the country.

“That’s all he (Mr Odinga) was required to do. It shouldn’t have taken him rallies to ask the President to sit down and talk. I know the President will discuss the issues with him,” said Mr Kamanda.

However, Prof Kithure Kindiki and Mr Aden Duale, majority leaders of the Senate and the National Assembly respectively, said there was no reason for dialogue.

They said what Mr Odinga was asking for was addressed competently in the Legislature “where Cord is well-represented, and by constitutional bodies”.

“The government does not work under the supervision of Mr Odinga. Jubilee is charged with the mandate to govern, while Cord is charged with the opposition duty,” they said in a joint statement.

The Kenyan Marriage Act 2014, Will it Survive the Courts of Law

R. Muko.
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marriage rings


On 28th April 2014 President Kenyatta signed the Marriage Bill into law. The  Marriage law had the intention of bringing together the various existing laws existing in the country into one coherent legal document. The law replaces various other laws which have been at the moment repealed they include: The Marriage Act (Cap 150 ), The African Christian Marriage And Divorce Act (Cap 151), The Matrimonial Causes Act (Cap 152), The Subordinate Court (Separation and Maintenance) Act (Cap 153), The Man Marriage And Divorce Registration Act (Cap 155),  The Mohammedan Marriage Divorce and Succession Act (Cap 156) and the The Hindu Marriage and Divorce Act (Cap 157).      

According to section 3(1) Marriage is defined as a  voluntary union between a man and a woman. Section 3(2) gives marriage partners equal rights. The age of consent is set at 18 for both man and woman. Any marriage must have two witnesses present excluding the person officiating it. The law recognises marriages under Christian tradition, civil tradition, customary law, Hindu tradition, Islamic tradition. All these marriages though recognized and must be registered (Sec 6(1)). Practices of other recognised groups or faiths may be notified in the Gazette (Sec 6(1)(f)). Accordingly Christian, Hindu or civil marriages are monogamous (Sec 6(2). Islamic and customary marriages on the other hand are potentially polygamous (Sec 6(3). Custody and maintenance of children remain under the Childrens Act.

Sections 86 to 87 of the new law describes a number of marital criminal offenses. They include giving false statement in the notice of intention to marry or notice of objection. According to the law in section 76 (1)  promises to marry are not binding as they do not constitute a contract. However section  76(2)  provides that a party may recover damages if he or she suffers a loss because one has refused to honour a promise to marry. Other offenses include Marriage to persons under 18 years,  Marriage of persons within prohibited marriage relationship.    Marrying someone without the person’s consent,  Unauthorized persons celebrating marriage relationship,  Marrying without witnesses, Celebrating marriage where one party is below 18 years; not giving a notice of intention to marry, or  a notice of objection to the intended marriage has been given and the objection has not been withdrawn, dismissed or determined. The law also prohibits marriages considered incentuous or where parties to the marriage have a close blood relationship.The offenses carry penalties of fines of Kshs 10,000 to Kshs. 1 million and 3 to five years imprisonment.

According to section 14 parties to civil marriages (only) can agree to live apart for one year (Sec 14(1). This agreement needs to be  filed in court, court can vary or set aside the agreement where circumstances have changed. Widowers may also elect to marry or stay un-married. The duration of the marriage may last until death, presumption of death, annulment, divorce within Kenya or abroad. In solving matrimonial disputes provisions are made in accordance with the various marital traditions for example Christians may seek for reconciliation, civil partners may petition a court, the customary partners may appeal to conciliation, Hindu partners may appeal for annulment. However in all situations the appeals are made to the courts. The courts may also order a spouse to maintain the other where there is presumption of neglect. 

The greatest weakness of the 2014 Marriage Act is that it allows men to marry multiple wives. Men are allowed to add other spouses without any due consent from their wives. This clause if not changed will cause untold harm to many families as various males will choose a second wife in order to constrain the women bargaining powers in the relationships. Others will do so while in essence they are not able to sustain the existing families; the law has infact admitted the abdication of marital responsibility from men. It has also made women more vulnerable to the partiachal machinations prevalent in the Kenyan society.

The major weakness of the law will in the long run contribute to its debunking. While therefore a good work has been done to consolidate the different marital structures within the country, the extra addition in the law allowing men to marry as many women they see fit while not taking into account their wives’ feelings, will certainly be defeated in the courts of law as it is against the rules of natural justice.

Radicalization of Youth in Mombasa, Kenya – Quo Vadis?

By: Paul Adhoch – Trace Kenya*

The first cases of Kenyan youth radicalization, recruitment and trafficking for militia and Al-Shabaab fighting in Somalia was reported in 2006 by civil society organizations in Mombasa and Nairobi. Some places in Mombasa and Nairobi formed the foci of these activities. With time these radicalization activities took root in the country. At that time the government of Kenya took a dim view of the Civil Society Organizations reports and dismissed them as “mere propaganda and alarmist”. There were vehement denials across the country concerning such recruitments. Four years later, the government acknowledged the fact that youth were actually being recruited for terrorist activities generally; in Al-Shabaab and have also been convicted for partaking in the terrorist activities. A number of youth are now serving lengthy jail terms for being members of terrorist groups.

In October 2011, the government of Kenya sent the military (Kenya Defense Forces) to Somalia to fight Al-Shabaab and to support the international community on war on terror. Even then the government acknowledged that this was an uphill task with the assistant minister for internal security Mr. Orwa Ojode (RIP) claiming that the terror group had its tail in Somalia and its head in Eastleigh. A year later, Kismayu, an Al-Shabaab strongpoint was captured.
The military (KDF), is still in Somalia to-date with “no exit plan” according to the Cabinet Secretary on Defence Ms Rachel Omamo. The presence of the KDF in Somalia seemed to have increased local soft target terrorist activities in Kenya best witnessed in the Westgate Mall attack last year. There have been numerous soft target attacks including churches, restaurants, and public transport mainly in Nairobi, Mombasa, Garissa and Mandera cities. These are considered as revenge attacks as a result of KDF activities in Somalia. Other countries except Uganda with a similar military expedition in Somalia have not faced similar attacks. One may ask why the Al-Shabaab revenge attacks have been severe in Kenya? It is a fact too that Ethiopia has a large contingent of its defense forces in Somalia, yet they are not subject to same severity despite their proximity to Somalia.

Part of the answer lies in the fact that i. unlike her neighbours, Uganda, and Burundi except Ethiopia, Kenya has a large border with Somalia. ii. Kenyan and Somali citizens, have also intermarried and live mainly in the four cities in Kenya that have suffered the brunt of attacks. iii. There is a huge population of refugees. Urban refugees are resident mainly in Nairobi and Mombasa. iv. There are also indications that the terror group has its sympathizers in the country. v. Kenya is also seen as a strategic ally of the western countries hence attacking it sends a strong message globally.

In seeking to address the above concerns, the Kenya government has initiated a concerted effort to flush out illegal immigrants living in Mombasa and Nairobi. This effort was started in the early weeks of April 2014. The effort has elicited opposition by several citizens who see it as harassment of innocent citizens. The condemnation has been extended to the fact that house searches are undertaken without warrants and the fact that one ethnic group is being targeted. This has made the Kenyans of Somali origin to live in fear. On the other hand a number of citizens are supportive of these swoops – as a result of the recent terror activities. They also claim that criminals have also come to the limelight as a result of the swoops.

The government has also since March 2014 i. ordered the return of all Somali refugees from Daadab Camp – the largest of the camps, back to Somalia. This has equally met some resistance from some local and international humanitarian organizations who wish to have a structured and secure return for the refugees. ii. Some members of the Kenyan parliament have insisted that the camp be re-located into Somalia territory, from whence the refugees can find their way to their respective homes in Somalia.

While the above approaches may reach some success as far as dealing with external terrorists is concerned, dealing with home grown terrorism is more difficult. The philosophy of terror groups lies in promoting radical ways to address issues. These groups have also radicalized youth to violently eject Imams not buying into radical philosophies, destroy churches, actively and violently demonstrate against the state and display intolerance to “non-believers”. Terror activities have a potential of undermining the stability of Islam in the coastal region and Kenya in general. They also present a possible route to sectarian violence such as that witnessed in Nigeria through Boko Haram. Matters are not made any better by the fact that many youth in this category are of modest formal education.

Radicalism poisons young people who are later trafficked to be trained to undertake terrorist activities. Some leading Islamic scholars have called for re-education of the youthful terrorist returnees. They have also called for deepening of scholarship to Imams so as to counsel and guide the youth on the true meaning of the term “jihad”. In 2013, 160 Muslims scholars declared a fatwa (decree) on Al-Shabaab in Mogadishu. They will congregate again later in 2014 to evaluate the progress of the decree. It would also be important for these leaders to think of different measures to dissolve radicalization and start a gradual process of rehabilitating, reintegrating and educating those finding themselves in terror acts. They should also think of permanent preventative activities.
In the meantime, the government of Kenya must of necessity, ensure that population harmed by terror activities do not grow their own fundamentalists’ groups as a result of anger. Continuous prevention is a must. The police and all concerned should continue strengthening security at all times. It is important however that human rights are respected in all process. Secondly, there is need for proper reintegration and reabsorption of the former terrorist youth through trauma and psychological accompaniment be they in the prisons or elsewhere.

*The writer is the Director of Trace Kenya. Trace Kenya is a counter trafficking in persons NGO based in Mombasa, Kenya.

Adopt a Light

Christine Wambui


I believe that it is possible to light up the whole of Kenya (Esther Passaris). 


Adopt-a-light was an initiative that was spearheaded in 2002 through self-funding corporation; with the intention of making highways and streets safer by lighting up Nairobi through advertising streetlights infrastructure. The city council of Nairobi paved way and gave the project the license to kick start.

Esther Passaris is best known for spearheading this business model which has a social positive impact in the Kenyan business. For the project to succeed, she brought on board powerful partners from the private sector to collaborate with the city council and Kenyan parliament through the Constituency development fund (CDF). Upon the early stages of the project, it was tricky for Passaris since the Nairobi city council was reluctant and did not fully back up the initiative.

Adopt-a-light initiative became active in 2005 in the slums; the aim of the project was to: Improve the quality of people’s lives by ensuring that public spaces — slums, streets, parks, neighborhoods — remain well lit after sunset through an effective partnership between the private and public sectors to finance and facilitate the installation of lights and in so doing, to improve security, safety and aesthetics of public areas, enabling populations to more fully enjoy their lives and participate in economic and recreational activity while at the same time providing financial sponsors with quality advertising services.” (Source: UN Habitat Business Award Report on Best Practice).

This project did not lack challenges. It was a problem to access the slums since they are densely populated. So as to overcome this challenge, local leaders and administrators had to join hands in order to find the most convincing locations to set up the lights. Also there were families which were relocated so as to provide space.

The steadman group also known as synovate Ipsos kenya limited conducted an impact study of the Adopt a light project. It found  that the rate of insecurity had greatly reduced in the slum areas and the residents were able to conduct their businesses  until late hours. The project had improved their social lives immensely as they were able to extend their income earning hours and walk home without fears.

Ushirikiano wa Wanakiambiu

Virginia Ngina Kisavi


Kiambiu Slum  is located near Moi Air Force Base Eastleigh South location. The place is inhabited by several Kenyan tribes. These tribes are a source of diversity bringing about a mixture of different cultures and values. At times too, spots of tension could be felt amongst them.

Sometimes back 2000 there were strong tribal sentiments among the residents of Kiambiu. These sentiments were especially strong among the Kikuyu who were the land owners and the Luos who were tenants. The people were therefore divided and could not associate positively, work or stay together. It even became difficult for Landlords to rent their houses to members of a tribe they did not have any positive regard towards preferring loosing rental income. This meant that no Kikuyu would rent a Luo his/her house.

After post election violence in 2007, some NGOs started civic education to improve the community trust levels, community members were empowered with skills which could help them come together. Self help groups were hence formed with the aim of promoting healing and generating income through “merry go rounds”. These small acts of healing helped in cementing relationships among different tribes and in time they started relating well with each other.

Ushirikiano wa Wanakiambiu was formed as the aftermath of all the associative and cooperation activities. It included several self help groups who came together with the ideas of forming an umbrella organization in the Kiambiu community. Implementing the idea initially was a challenge as people still mistrusted each other. The mistrust extended to the governance structures of the new collaborative endeavor. During organizational committee elections; every group fronted an official as they felt that if they did not do so, their interests would not be effectively represented. This mistrust was quite a challenge nearly bringing the governance process of the new initiative to a standstill and threatened its existence.

The initiative was able to address the so called teething problems of “mistrust”. It in time developed clear objectives and a set of activities. The group started to clean drainages every Saturday, collecting garbage. At the end of the activity each member to contribute 20 shillings for banking. These activities in the long run cemented the relationship amongst the residents of Kiambiu and they started talking about their common problem. Everyone agreed that there was a great need for a toilet in Kiambiu. Once this need was identified, the next step was to look for a site to put up the toilet. A member from the group decided to sell his plot to enable the toilet project to proceed. Once a site was found members went on with their usual contribution meanwhile officials searched for sponsors to help in the construction of the latrine. They later found a sponsor.

After one and a half month the toilet was complete and ready for use by the Kiambiu residents. This gave Ushirikiano wa Wanakiambiu job opportunities like fetching some water for the construction, , transporting the materials from the security base to the working area, digging of the sewer line to connect the main one and also guarding the building. During the time of use also the youth got employed as toilet attendants.

The new toilet project has changed the condition of Kiambiu which was  uncouth when there was no toilet. You could find flying toilets all over the streets and even along the houses. People never knew the importance of unity and cooperation but for now we have strong groups in Kiambiu. Three other toilets serving the community which are affordable by the residents with adults paying 3/= while children enjoy the services freely. The new toilets created new jobs. Apart from the toilets, members started other activities  which generate money for the group. This has developed Kiambiu as a slum with 220 members hence recruiting many more members every year regardless of ethnic groups. They get dividends every year and monthly allowance.

The story of Muungano wa Wanakiambiu is a story of Social Innovation. Social innovation occurs in situations where people think of developing simple solutions to community problems. The endervor started to unite the Kiambiu Residents not only achieved its aim but has also contributed immensely to improving their living conditions. There is a great need for integration of Kenyans not only in Kiambiu but in the entire country. The fact that there is prejudice makes us not being able to address our development needs.

A process of deliberate integration could lead us to  experience a change in social relations especially with regard to influencing the governance while increasing participation in social political process. This happens because the once excluded person feels that he or she has been integrated in the societal structures that alienated him or her in the past.

Decreasing social exclusion has many positive outcomes such as increasing integration independence and participation in various dimensions of life that helps people like their life respectively.




This has been drawn from the Public Benefits Organisations Act passed by the National Assembly (2012) and assented to by the President of the Republic of Kenya (14th January 2013 but yet to be commenced by the Cabinet Secretary of Devolution and National Development). This version was adopted after considerable debate by 50 members of the CSO Reference Group meeting on March 3rd. It was agreed that this will be circulated widely for comments until March 21st after which it will become a more formal document. At this point, it will be circulated for individual members of PBO staff and governance to sign. Comments on this document can be sent to

The Charter

We, the Staff and Boards Members of Public Benefits Organisations recognize the important duty we have to the people, County and National Government of the Republic of Kenya. We exist to promote the public good, support democratic development, social cohesion andtolerance within society and respect for the rule of law. We complement the primary duty of the County and National Government to provide essential public services.

Effective and efficient self-regulation is the basic foundation for an effective working civil society sector. For this to work, we have to maintain and be seen to uphold the highest standards of governance, transparency and accountability. It is both a legal requirement and a matter of integrity for all PBOs whether we work locally, nationally or internationally.

 We undertake to transform the sector by undertaking the following actions;

  1. Initiate and maintain open, respectful and an informed dialogue with citizens, County and National Governments;
  1. Upon commencement of the Act, we invite you to hold us accountable to this PBO Act and voluntary service charter;
  1. Keep all documents required by law available to the public in our offices and on our websites. This will include audited annual accounts and reports, current annual budget, list of the Board members or Directors and principal registered Officers;
  1. Make the PBO Act and this charter available to the public in both Kiswahili and English in our offices and websites;
  1. Align our constitutions and practices with the provisions of the Act especially as regards to disclosing the source and use of funding, maintaining integrity in our all systems including sound Board oversight;
  1. Individually as organisations, publish conflict of interest guidelines to ensure that the personal interests of our members, the staff and volunteers do notconflict with those of the organization;
  1. Act inclusively and not discriminate against any person or groups unless in the interest of assisting targeted populations who are marginalized;
  1. Ensure that every person who serves on the governing body serves on a voluntary basisand shall only be eligible for the reimbursement of costs;
  1. Maintain a high standard of professionalism in service andinteractions and dealing with people through honesty, fairness, integrity,respect for confidentiality, objectivity,care, diligence, prudence, timeliness and straight forwardness;

10. Actively identify and report corruption, sexual harassment or any other behavior that is against the spirit of the Act;

11. Use our income solely to support the public benefit purposes for which the organization was established;

12. Intentionally both international and Kenyan PBOs,build the capacity of local Kenyan organisations who are registered and compliant with the PBO Act or other laws that regulate the activities of community based organisations;

13. Ensure that at least one third of our Board Members of our governance bodies are Kenyan citizens resident in Kenya;

14. Only apply for work permits for positions necessary for the proper function of the organization, where no persons with comparable skills are locally available and such employees shall contribute towards the skills-building of Kenyans;

15. Actively research, educate and support citizens to express their views and advocate in the public interest and express our views on any issue or policy in the course of a political campaign or election. We shall not engage infundraising or campaigning to support or oppose any political party or candidate for appointive or elective public office.

16. Following commencement of the Act in its current form, we shall immediately register and fully comply with the provisions of the PBO Act of 2013

17. Until then, we invite our beneficiaries, partners, members of the public and public officers to read and hold us accountable to this Public Charter.



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