The Human Rights Based Approach in Kibra

Facilitator Daniel Orogo educating the Kibra Community on Human Rights Based Approach

Facilitator Daniel Orogo educating the Kibra Community on Human Rights Based Approach

Human Rights Based Approach is aimed at strengthening Governance and CSOs, empowering people to know and claim their rights and increasing the ability and accountability of individuals and institutions that are responsible for respecting, protecting and fulfilling rights.

The training began with a Praise song led by Millicent, and a word of prayer from a participant.

Daniel introduced the training, by giving participants a chance to introduce themselves, Daniel           further led the introduction of the training, by letting participants mention their expectations of which were;

  • To know about their rights as Kenyans
  • Importance of human rights.
  • What to do when your rights are violated,
  • Characteristics of human rights,
  • History of human rights
  • Rights for men
  • Governance

The participants were also given the chance to contribute to the norms and guidelines of the training;

  • Avoid unnecessary movements
  • Phones on silent/vibration mode
  • Respect each other’s opinion
  • Do not talk when another person is talking/raise hands

Millicent took the chance to introduce the organization, she further shared with the participants the work of Consolation East Africa, how and why the organization was formed, and the reason as to why CEA is training the community.

She also introduced Koinonia Advisory Research and Development Service (KARDS) as the mother of CEA. She mentioned that KARDS conducts Trainings Research and Consultancy which are income generating activities and more of business oriented for the sustenance of the organization. KARDS and CEA staffs were also given a chance to introduce themselves.

Introduction of the Training and Welcoming Remarks

Mr. Daniel Orogo of Lang’ata Youth Network who was also the host, led participants on the first session which was an introduction of the training. Asking the participants to name some of the rights they know, participants mentioned some, which were right to; Security, Affordable /available health care, Education and the availability of enough public schools.

By helping the participants to see the reality as true or not that their rights and those of the citizens in Kibra are being considered and looked at, asking the participants as to how many public schools are there in Kibra, participants mentioned some of them, whereby they all came to a conclusion that there exists no more free education nowadays in public schools. Schools in Kibra were identified as follows;

Woodley Ward – 3 schools

Makina Ward – 3 schools

Sarang’ombe Ward – 2 schools (host)

Lindi Ward – No school

Laini Saba Ward – No school

The participants said that quality and affordable education is still not in Kibra. Daniel asked the participants as whether they know about or have ever read the “2010 constitution”, where most had a negative answer that none had ever read the new Constitution, with a reason that the Constitution book is so big for them and this makes a housewife not able to read due to family burden, and that they would prefer a summarized Constitution booklet.

The participants also posed a question in respect to their Right to life as stated; they use to be given food through the chiefs office which they do not really know what happened and needed an answer from their leaders. Another issue was proper housing and shelter. The participants showed concern on houses that do not have toilets, water and electricity. This session was closed by the participants being informed that they can write petitions and demand for transfers of non-performing leaders. This session also ignited the participant’s urge of meeting the Kilimani Officer in Charge of Station (OCS) in successive meetings.

Another area of concern was youth unemployment for both informal and formal youths, need for vocational computer and community hall using the CDF and Ward Development Fund. Youths and women do not participate in the meetings and lack of information.

Awareness on available Government Services and Government- Public conversational Forum

Government Leaders’/Representatives’ Speech and Participants’ Views

The Ward Administrator from Makina Ward (Grace Kariuki) addressed the participants mostly on issues concerning good neighborhood, and that as people who want to live in peace and have development we should be ready to group up and think of development, giving example of groups in Kibra which have since been successful by starting with as little contributions as ten shillings. She further advised participants to be helping each other in security matters, it will be wise if one has an idea of who terrorizes people in the area, as hiding them because they are our sons and daughters won’t help because we will end up hiding each other and the problems will never get solved.

The District Youth Officer from Lang’ata Sub-county Madam Elector Opar enlightened the Participants on Uwezo Fund, Youth Fund, Kenya Youth Empowerment Project (KYEP) in collaboration with Kenya Private Sectors Association (KEPSA). These were some of the services that were available for the youth from the government.

The Youth Officer also asked the participants whether they understood the services of the NYS, and that Kibra people should change their attitudes, giving an example of the former president’s sister who was making kiondos to make a living out of the business which was a success, and not once did she depend on her brother who was the president then. She further quoted that “Dependence is a syndrome” saying that the Kibra people should be sensitive on each other’s life. Giving the participants a chance to say their minds. She further told the participants about the Uwezo fund and the important requirements to the services, urging the youth to involve themselves in table banking, so as to be able to pay back the borrowed funds. She further advised the youth to take a business planning course, which the Government does offer too, suggesting that it was not a good time for the youth to wait aiming to act some other time, advising them that the right time to act was now, and that they should access public funds, now that they know their rights.

Millicent asked her to also tell the youths about KYEP and KEPSA, where she said the program was coming to an end though the government is trying to push it forward, she further explained to the participants the requirements for KYEP on matters of age and education, saying that during this formation and attachment in KYEP there are some stipend one gets while applying the skills they have learned, although in the beginning of the training on is offered transport, and that the program has been running in Kisumu, Nairobi and at the Coast. She also informed the youths that the problem cannot absorb all the youths. The Identification Registration Officer Mr. Kennedy Ong’ola also told the participant’s about the National Registration Bureau and the important requirements that could enable the youths get the National Identity Card, saying that a visitor gets only a permit, which can be after sometimes be converted to the National ID, but after a long and a careful investigation on the visitor’s conduct, so as to avoid registering wrong people as citizens. Participants were also enlightened on the importance of ID as follows;

  • Security
  • Businesses
  • Expression of rights

He further alerted the participants that the government changed the look of the ID, because in River Road there are those who do forge the older version of the ID easily making it for Aliens, and that the new is loaded with invisible chips inside.

He also further explained as to why the Nubians have a different way of acquiring an ID, where the community have to give a proof on whose child it is in writting.

The Ward Administrator of Sarang’ombe Mr. Daniel Asiko addressed the participants on issues of street children, Bombolulu Road, ECD facility and women groups linked to families. He also enlightened the participants of the Ward Administrators as coordinating projects. The Ward Administrator also posed a concern that there was public budgeting meeting but public representation lacked. He also told the public that county activities were not moving on well due to lack of enough funds and workers inherited from the former city council. He also said that the formed groups need to be registered under county at 1,000/= The participants asked the ward administrator Sarang’ombe how they will be able to get bursaries, he advised them on which places they can easily access the service. However, he also told the participants that it was unfortunate that the bursaries are being used as a political tool (being a privilege)

He talked much on development, talking about the road project that has been going on for some time. He sensitized youths on those who use the corrupt means to register youth for NYS.

The Chief Sarang’ombe Mr. Danvas Mogire took the floor to address the participants, he talked on the topic of Human Rights that CEA was presenting that it would be better when Organizations are presenting such topics, the (chiefs and police) should also be present so as they too may know what is being taught, and that not to be surprised by citizens in their offices demanding their rights which they may not understand, also to avoid the conflict between citizens and leaders.

The chief advised the participants to report any cases of insecurity to his office, and those interested to be elders or help in case of anything can also show their interest in his office for vetting. He added that people should know who their neighbors are.

Millicent raised the issue of neighborhood which is becoming hard such that other neighbors are so much on their own and so much mysterious, and not ready to cooperate with others.

Participants also complained of those people who have surrounded the chief’s compound claiming to be chief’s right hand men, making citizens afraid of approaching chief’s office.

The chief answered the participants, saying those people have no business with the chief’s office, and that they are just doing their business of selling sodas. He also added that they have been able to train 3 people (2 boys and 1 girl) have undergone nyumba kumi training who will be training the community on the same issues and that the community is already divided into zones (clusters). Lastly, he thanked CEA for empowering the people of Sarangombe. On issues of security, the chief told the participants that this was not yet devolved and is still at National government. He also talked of the two approaches to Nyumba kumi which are; Residents Association which is a policy and gradual development. In respect to Nyumba Kumi, out of 148 chiefs (locations), good practice of Nyumba Kumi was from Sarang’ombe. He lastly urged those who do not pay rent to pay and not to abuse landlords.

Lilian from Sauti ya Jamii who was invited to the training by Lang’ata Youth Network leader Daniel Orogo, talked about the East African Community which is in process to be revived, that it has a strategic plan mostly for youths, Administration wise and Business wise, adding that soon Sauti ya Jamii will start sensitizing the communities about the coming East African Community, especially on education sector.

Introduction to HRBA

After lunch break, Millicent took the participants through the topic on Gender and Human Rights, although most of CEA‘s presentation time became so minimum due to the time taken for leaders to address the participants.

Talking about women’s rights, she involved the participants to say some of the rights that women in Kenya are provided for. Participants mentioned several, such as the right to own land among others. She also asked on specific rights of both men and women, answers were given such as; freedom of movement, equality and freedom from discrimination, right to family etc.

She further talked about children right, warning on those Nairobians, who are used to taking young children from upcountry turning them to house maids, saying that this is child labor at the same time human trafficking and the law was already passed and the people of the kind be ready for the consequences (I million fine or 10 years in prison)

Talking about specific gains for youths, saying youths need to be empowered, and also they need trainings, to make them ready for the future.

Independent Electoral Board Commission

The IEBC Coordinator Kibra, Madam Jane addressed the participants, reminding them on the importance of registering as a voter early. She told the youths that it is important for them to start now because it is them that are targeted as new voters.

She responded to questions from participants, on issue about electronics failure from the past 2013 elections, which she answered saying that although there was problems in most parts in the country, but IEBC, was quick to rectify and switched to the previous way of handling votes. And that nowadays, the system is more advanced such that, when a citizen votes the results are quickly shown on the wall, such that it will not take days to count votes.

Classification of human rights

Bridged was next with classification of human rights, On a quick overview she started with classification of Human rights which were in three generations that is; Civil and Political rights as the first generation, where as this group constitutes of personal rights and the right to political participation among others, Social, Economic and Cultural rights that is the second generation rights, this constitutes right to family life, freedom to form association, freedom of press among others and the collective or group rights as the third generation, which constitutes the rights of minorities right to development, rights that caters towards organizational persons, trade association, political parties among other rights.

She also focused on International human rights instruments saying that the constitution provides that any treaty that is lawful agreed by Kenya shall form part of the Kenyan law (Article 2 (6)) which is significant to development and implementation of the human rights regime in Kenya. Lastly she taught the participants on African regional human rights instruments which is recognized of its collective rights, laying special emphasis on the rights and duties of children and the family, the community, the society and the nation, mentioning on areas which The African Regional Human Rights recognizes such like the third generation rights, mainly the right to peace, solidarity, a healthy environment and development.

On the topic of bills of rights the participants requested on doing self research , due to time management.

Human right commission

Kaka was next with the topic on ‘the role of Human right commission,

Mentioning some of the roles that a citizen should obey such like;

-Pay tax

-To obey laws of Kenya

-Respect and promote the dignity and rights of other persons.

-To promote the values and the principles at the constitution

-Cooperate with the state organ.

The time was so limited such that, it was agreed that each facilitator will have to brief their presentation.


The following Information was derived from Participants’ Registration Forms

Area of Interest

  • Classification of human rights
  • International human rights
  • Assessing the role of individual and the state
  • Safety and security in relation to human rights
  • Importance of human rights
  • Engage Government through dialogue
  • Definition of human rights
  • Historical Development of human rights
  • Bill of rights and the Kenyan Constitution

Definition of human rights, Characteristics of human rights, importance of human rights, Historical development of human rights, Classification of human rights, international human rights, Bill of rights and the Kenyan constitution, Assessing the role of individual and the state.

Expectations of participants

  • To know more about my rights
  • To acquire knowledge
  • To know about HRBA, and socialize
  • Expansion of skills, knowledge, ability and motivational Mechanisms
  • To make the society a better place for the future
  • Activity create awareness on rights

Way forward

  • All women in the forum to be aware of their rights
  • To be trained as T.O.T so that I can empower the community
  • To know the importance of human rights
  • To know more of both men and children rights
  • To know my rights as a Kenyan
  • To understand the bill of rights and to approach well human rights needs
  • I expect to be enlightened about my rights to my satisfaction
  • To know where to go when my rights are violated
  • To have full information on human rights and participate in preserving it.
  • Acquire an understanding of human rights and how to apply it in our community
  • Engaging with the target group

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