KPN Holds Organizational Development Training

Martin Ndichu

Follow this link for selected pictures of the event

The organizational development training for Kenya Peace Network (KPN) member organizations was held at the Kolping Vocational Center in Kilimambogo from 8th to 11th July 2014. The training covered topics in Most Significant Change (MSC), Media and Governance. The training had three objectives. The first being improve tools and techniques involved in collecting, selecting and sharing of change stories. Secondly, the training sought to improve strategies employed by KPN members to mainstream media into their organization. Lastly, it sought to assist members to assess the practice of governance with respect to KPN and their organizations. Three KPN organizations facilitated the training comprising Institute of Social Ministry in Mission (ISMM) from Tangaza University College, Koinonia Advisory Research and Development Service (KARDS) and Chemichemi ya Ukweli (CYU).

Kenya Peace Network (KPN) comprises seventeen organizations that fellowship together under the funding Umbrella of Mensen Met een Missie, a development partner based in Netherlands. Since its formation in 2008 KPN has generated various types of impacts through its individual members who undertake programmatic interventions in diverse sectors. Through its members, KPN empowers communities to become effective and objective participants of the democratization process. The training was necessitated by the recommendations of a KPN Capacity Needs Assessment carried out in 2013.

Dr. Elias Mokua, the director of the Jesuits Hakimani Centre (JHC) facilitated the session on media. He assisted participants to improve media engagement within their programs. Participants discussed on how to build rapport with the media during both good and bad times. Extending the discussions to a normal society, participants unveiled divisive and integrative elements exemplified by social class, ethnicity and inter-generational gap among others. Hence they concluded that media could be used to amplify the divisive aspects that exist within these and other elements and hence worsen relationships and heighten tensions leading to worsening life conditions. Media could on the other hand be used to amplify integration within these elements and in the long run contribute to strengthening relationships and improving the conditions of life.

The participants were also guided to understand on how to approach the media. First it is imperative to equate media houses to business entities. In seeking to advance their agenda therefore, organizations must have a business orientation. In choosing the form of media through which an organization seeks to present their agenda, organizations are advised to consider their target audience and how using such media will improve the image of their organization.

Social media is also coming up as a preferred tool for publicity due to characteristics such as being free and speed. Social media requires consistency which is essential for maintaining contact with audience. Organizations are however cautioned against inappropriate use of social media as it could dent their professionalism and image. There are other different tools that organizations may adopt for exposure. These tools include; personalized newsletters, publications and media packages. These tools should be captivating, flexible in time of release and should avoid jargon. Other media approaches include media events such as dramas and artistic exposes. The whole essence of this engagements is usually for amplification of organizations activities, knowledge sharing, increasing visibility and also to avoid wastage of energy.

The MSC session was facilitated by Fr. Giuseppe Caramaza, Mr. Joel Trudel, Ms. Pascalia Mbutu and Mr. Dominic Syuma. They guided participants on how to collect, select and share stories in line with the most significant change stories methodology. Participants analyzed stories they had collected from their programmes/ project activities and rated them. From the discussion, it emerged that the most significant change stories were those that had minimal interviewer influence and bias. Strong MSCs are characterized by changes experienced both at personal and community level. The stories should also bear the perspective of the beneficiary/ interviewee.

MSC stories are strong tools that organizations may use to measure the impact of their activities. Lessons learnt from MSC stories could become the basis for future activities.
Dr. Richard Muko, a senior consultant with KARDS and Mr. Eric Odongo of CYU facilitated the organization development (OD) session. OD entails managerial efforts that are entrenched into the organizational design to bring about positive variance. These efforts are mainly geared towards increasing the effectiveness of the organizations. The positive variance is usually achieved through a set of interventions and organizations processes. OD takes into account different elements including systems, people, tools and processes. Some of its processes include conflict resolution, performance management, workforce planning and continuous quality improvement. Mr. Odongo led the participants to explore succession and hand over strategies for organizations. It emerged that succession and hand over plans are important tools for establishing continuity of organizations. Hand over plans ensure that in coming members do not start reinventing the wheel but rather continue from such a point that the outgoing member had reached. Succession planning is therefore very important not only to individual organizations but also to KPN in general.

By the end of the training, participants expressed satisfaction with the presentations. They were advised that there was a great need for them to share the knowledge gained in this training with their colleagues back in their organizations. Accordingly participants expressed the fact that they would use the lessons learnt from the training to create an inventory of competencies built from the different KPN capacity building activities, to suggest organizational review, inculcate qualitative aspects in M&E, improve the process of decision making and advice on organizational handover.



By Bridged Faida

‘A couple just won a case about rent- a womb’

Surrogacy is not a imaginary issue any more, a judge recently ruled. It is real and many Kenyans are resorting to it for medical reasons and the state ought to protect such arrangements.
Surrogacy is an arrangement in which a woman carries and delivers a child for another couple or person or the genetic parents. Women are usually unable to have a baby because they might have medical complications that make pregnancy impossible. Those who carry the pregnancy, whether for a fee or for free, are known as surrogate hosts and the owner of the baby as the commissioning couple or genetic parents.

Traditional surrogacy: surrogate mothering can be accomplished in two ways, Most often, the sperm is implanted in the host by a procedure called artificial insemination. Here, the surrogate mother is either the genetic mother, or gestational mother, of the child. This method of surrogacy is sometimes called traditional surrogacy.

Gestational surrogacy: Less often, when the intended mother can produce fertile eggs but cannot carry a child to birth, the intended mother’s egg is removed combined with the husband’s or another man’s sperms in the process called the vitro fertilization, and implanted in the surrogate mother. This method is called gestational surrogacy.

For money or for charity?
Surrogacy arrangements are also categorized as either commercial or self- sacrificing. In commercial surrogacy, the host mother is paid a fee plus any expenses incurred in her pregnancy, while in self – sacrificing surrogacy, only the expenses incurred are paid.

Too posh to push? There have been growing concerns that this procedure, designed to have couples who would otherwise not have their own babies, is also being adopted by Nairobi’s nouveau riche, the type that has been pejoratively described as “too posh to push”. Medical experts, however, warn that surrogacy is not a procedure of convenience as a last recourse.

Kenya’s first test – tube babies that were delivered in Nairobi in 2006. Surrogacy in East Africa country, while still shrouded in secrecy, has been picking up with surrogates being paid as higher as $18,000 (ksh. 1.5 million).

There is a growing list of young Kenyan women who are renting out their wombs to carry other people’s pregnancies, with some being paid as much as Ksh. 1 million ( $ 12,000 ).
The trend that has in the past been seen as a resolution in developed countries for infertile women seeking to have their own children is increasingly gaining acceptance in Kenya.

Statistics shows almost 30 babies have been born in Nairobi by surrogate hosts, and these statistics are from just one clinic, the Nairobi IVF Centre Ltd, Fertility clinic. Here services offered include wide range of Assisted Reproductive Technologies, including IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) and ICSI (Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection) Egg and Sperm Donation. Gestation Surrogacy, Embryo and Sperm Cryopreservation, Intrauterine inseminations (IUI) Ovulation Induction and others. The Nairobi IVF Centre ltd is located in modern Medical Centre on Landmark Plaza, Argwings Kodhek Rd.

Most surrogate hosts experience the pain that immediately after delivery the baby is given to its parents; there is no any chance of her to see the baby.

Saba Saba 2014 Resolutions

R. Muko.

The Saba Saba day celebrations were finally held at the Uhuru Park. The celebrations were attended by thousands of Kenyans.

Speaker after speaker reminded the government to exercize a sense of justice in the allocation of resources and also in addressing the welfare of all its citizens.

The Saba Saba Celebrations had been given negative publicity by nearly all the media houses in the country. They had also been painted as a pretext for fuelling violence by the Jubilee Coalition.

Saba Saba is a day of great significance to Kenya. It is a day to be celebrated by both those in the echelons of power and those in the opposition. It symbolizes a great day of dialogue accross the political divide. The fact that the government opted not to dialogue by the opposition has painted it in bad light.

Well, as Kenyans we had been treated to tensions of how scary this day would be, only for it to turn to be very peaceful. Hongera CORD for such a grand day.

At the end of the celebrations the following list of resolutions were promulgated by the Coalition of Reform and Democracy (CORD):

1. We launch today OKOA KENYA, a people’s movement to defend our Constitution, support one another in good and bad times, protect the gains we have made in democratic governance, and rededicate ourselves to national unity and peaceful co-existence. See also: CORD leaders don’t have clean hands

2. Demand that the Jubilee administration addresses the escalating cost of living by reviewing the taxation regime; failing which we will boycott the consumption of goods and services whose prices are beyond the reach of the common Mwananchi and commence commercial sanctions against companies which continue to ignore our plight.

3. Convene an all-inclusive National Referendum Committee (NRC) for the purpose of preparing the people of Kenya for a national referendum on the critical challenges facing our Nation.

4. Mandate the National Referendum Committee to ensure the maximum participation of the people of Kenya in the referendum at the County, Sub-County and Ward levels all over Kenya; in formulating the referendum question(s), collecting and collating one million signatures to initiate the referendum.

5. Having lost all confidence in the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC); donow demand its immediate disbandment and the establishment of a new electoral body.

6. Demand the immediate end to corruption, wasteful spending, reckless borrowing within and by Jubilee Government. In this regard, we demand that the Jubilee administrationimmediately cancels the inflated security camera contract irregularly awarded to Safaricom and that Safaricom withdraws from the contracts and subjects itself to competitive bidding, failing which we will commence commercial sanctions on Safaricom and other companies abetting corruption or engaging in monopolistic practices.

7. Demand that the Jubilee administration takes immediate steps to withdraw our gallant soldiers from Somalia to join our forces in securing our nation from home.

8. Demand that the Jubilee administration takes visible, decisive action to deal with runaway insecurity, including holding the senior security officials accountable for hundreds of Kenyans who have been killed and maimed in the various attacks and conflicts across the country.

9. Reject attempts by the Executive through Parliament to bastardise the Report of the Truth Justice and Reconciliation Commission (TJRC Report) and demand the immediate implementation of the original and unadulterated Report.

10. Demand that the Jubilee administration immediately addressesthe underlying land issues that are at the heart of some of the most enduring historical injustices and conflicts in our society.

11. Demand a National Audit and publication by the Public Service Commission of all appointments made in the public service by the Jubilee administration, with full details listing names, ethnic backgrounds and percentages.

12. Recognizing that the Jubilee administration has failed to apply national resources equitably across the country, we demand that 40 per centum of the projected ordinary revenue of the current fiscal year be allocated to the County Governments.

13. Demand that a National Audit on how resources at the disposal of the National Jubilee administration are applied across the country

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Awareness on available Governement Services

By Millicent Agutu

Kenya Youth Empowerment Project (KYEP)

The Kenya Youth Empowerment Project (KYEP) is supported by World Bank. The project has three components;
• Training and internship for youths
• Kazi kwa vijana
• Capacity building of officers working within the Ministry

The program was started to create an enabling environment for job opportunities, to link the youths for attachment with private sector and to reduce the number of unemployed youths. Youths unemployment is a challenge for Kenya and other Countries. One of the problems that the project identified was that youths lacked jobs because they lacked skills and experience. For that matter Kenya Youth Enterprise Program (KYEP)is to improve employ-ability skills of the youths by giving them placement opportunities in sectors of their choice in collaboration with Kenya Private Sector Alliance(KEPSA).

KYEP offers the following services to the youths;
1. Life skills training (skills ignored but are necessary in private sector)
2. Co-business skills
3. Placement in formal sector employment (own job skills)

Who benefits
Any youth who has attained the age of 15 – 29 years, a Kenyan Citizen, must have attained KCPE Certificate, must not be committed/engaged at the time of application. KYEP is an intensive program that runs for eight months, runs in cycles, all applications are subjected to random selection (using a computer software) and each applicant have equal opportunity to be selected.

KYEP Structure
Life skills for – 2 weeks
Co-business for – 5 weeks Six months
Placement for – 3 months

The structure allows for breakup after completion of life skill training and then another breakup and completion of Co-business before a three months placement. During the placement if the youth prove to be competent, obedient and determined, then there is a possibility of being absorbed fully into the job. However, after placement, youths get jobs; some go back to school and some start businesses. Therefore, KYEF program and KEPSA does its work in conjunction with the Government in various sectors like; finance, manufacturing and tourism

Youth Enterprise Development Fund and Uwezo Fund
Eligibility; the fund is for youths and women. Youths are from 18 to 35 years, whereas women are 18 years to death. Men can also benefit from these funds, however, they should not constitute more than 30% of membership and not allowed in any leadership position in any of the funds.

Criteria of accessing the YEDF and Uwezo Fund
For one to be in a position to access Youth Enterprise Development Fund, one need to have an already registered group, business idea and a business plan. And for application there is a developed template from the funders. YEDF has a grace period of 3 (three) months and repayment within 12 (twelve) months.
For Uwezo Fund, applicants must have a table banking program in existence. Uwezo fund is given a grace period of 6 (six) months.
And for both YEDF and Uwezo Fund, they must have been operating an account in the given name at time of application.

For more information on Kenya Youth Empowerment Project (KYEP), Youth Enterprise Development Fund and Uwezo Fund kindly visit your;

District, Ministry of Devolution and Planning
Directorate of Youths OR
KEPSA Website
Devolution and Planning Website

And those coming within Dagoretti District, the offices are located at DC’s place behind the Dagoretti CDF Office, Kawangware off Naivasha Road.

Human Rights Based Approach (HRBA) Training

By Martin Ndichu

The training on Human Rights Based Approach was held on 26th June 2014 at Maisha Poa Centre in Kawangware. It was conducted by Consolation East Africa and was supported by Mensen met een Missie. In attendance were representatives of various institutions working in area of Governance and community organization. Institutions present were Community Based Organizations (CBOs), and Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) based and working in the larger Nairobi County. These organizations address different community concerns including Gender Based Violence, Environmental conservation, Education, Peace and Justice among others.

In the training were government representatives, these included the Ministry of Planning and devolution, Uwezo Fund Dagorreti South and the Police Administration. For one reason or the other, some of the invited government institutions were unable to attend. The training was aimed at enhancing Human Rights Based Approach (HRBA) in governance and community organization and also offer a platform for the members of the public to engage with the service providers. Millicent Agutu facilitated the introduction of the HRBA concept including the historical background of human rights and their characteristics. Bridged Faida facilitated the classification of Human Rights and Human Rights Instruments. Martin Ndichu led the participants to explore the Bill of Rights in the Kenyan Constitution while Josephat Khamasi highlighted the different commissions concerned with Human Rights and which are legislated by the parliament.

In welcoming the participants the project officer commended the gender representation which is one component provided for in the Kenyan Constitution and also a vital tenet in HRBA. She pointed out that the training would have a special focus on the Constitution as a governance instrument. She led the participants to understand the HRBA concept covering topics such the definition of HRBA, its importance and principles as well as the values of HRBA. She also explored Human rights definition, historical development, characteristics and their importance. Participants also discussed the responsibilities that come with different rights. The participants were made to understand that rights go hand in hand with responsibilities. Also noted is the fact that Human Rights have limitation and their validity may vary from one region to the other depending on the constitution, culture and practices.

Bridged Faida introduced the second session, this session dwelt on exploring the classification of Human Rights and the Human Rights Instruments. She led the participants to understand the classification of human rights which included Civic and Political Rights, Social, economic and Cultural Rights and Collective or group rights. The participants were made aware that all human rights are contained in the three categories of rights. She also led the participants to understand the Human Rights Instruments, this include the Regional and the International instruments. These instruments are also known as treaties and which are formal agreements between 2 or more states. Some of the treaties highlighted as international instruments include the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR, 1976), the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR 1976).

Participants were led to understand that some treaties focus specifically on particular types of violations and these include; The Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (1951), the International Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination (CERD, 1969), The Convention Against Torture and other in human or degrading treatment or punishment (CAT 1987). Other treaties were particular groups of people such as The Convention relating to the Status of Refugees (CSR, 1954), The Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC 1990), The UN Declaration on Rights of Older Persons (1991), The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC, 2002), The International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of all Migrant Workers and Members of their families (CPRMW, 2003), The UN Declaration on Rights of Indigenous People (2007), Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD, 2008) and International Convention for the Protection of all Persons from Enforced Disappearance (2010)
The participants were led to understand that we also have regional instruments or treaties that also seek to uphold human dignity. These treaties include; the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights (African Charter, 1986, The African on the Rights and Welfare of the Child Charter (ACRWC, 1999), The Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Human Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa (African Women’s Protocol, 2005), the African Union Convention on Preventing and Combating Corruption (2006), the African Union Convention for Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Person in Africa (Kampala Convention, 2009) and The African Youth Charter (AYC, 2009)
The facilitator led the participants to understand that both the regional and international treaties are only applicable in those countries that are parties to them. This means that the provisions of a particular treaty are only effective in a country that has signed in agreement with the treaty. The participants were also made to understand that once a country signs such a treaty, the provisions contained herein are embraced as laws in that country and the state is required to submit reports to the supervisory committee on progress in domestic implementation of treaty obligations.

The third sessions sought to explore the fundamental rights and freedoms as outlined in the Constitution of Kenya 2010. Facilitated by Martin Ndichu, participants were led through the Bill of Rights that highlights the fundamental rights and freedoms. These rights and freedoms are contained in Article 29 to Article 57 of the Kenyan Constitution. It includes a definition of the rights and also defines limitations on the rights and freedoms. Participants discussed how successful the bill of rights was in terms of implementation, it emerged that some provision in the Bill of Rights were not clearly defined hence may have loop holes.

Article 59 of the constitution establishes the Kenya National Human Rights and Equality Commission to promote respect for human rights, gender equality and promote the protection and observance of human rights in public and private institutions. The facilitator, Josephat Khamasi led the participants to understand the role of Human Rights Commission. The participants were led to understand that these commissions are established by the constitution and that the parliament is empowered to restructure the Human Rights Commission into two or more commission. Consequent to this, the parliament enacted The Kenya National Commission on Human Rights Act, The National Gender and Equality Commission Act and The Commission on Administrative Justice Act as independent commissions to pursue different functions.
The participants were led to understand the functions of the different commissions and some of the accomplishment that have been made by individual commission. Though independent to each other, the participants were made aware that these commissions at some point undertake their functions together.

In earlier activities, Consolation East Africa had involved with some of the community organizations to pursue HRBA in community organizations. Representatives from these organizations were given chance to share on how they had applied HRBA in their activities. Mrs. Betty Hamud representing Westlands Peace, Gender and Development Organization reported that her organization had strived to exercise gender sensitivity in their programs. The organization has also led advocacy for protection of women from gender based violence, their efforts have seen them establish a gender violence response centre in Westlands. Their active participation has seen them receive recognition by the administration in the area.

Another beneficially of CEA trainings Mr. Timothy Odongo representing Riruta Environmental Group (REG) reported that his organization had strived to uphold the right of each individual to live in a clean environment. He emphasized on the need to conserve the environment and held that through their environmental conservation endeavors they have afforded the community a chance to live in dignity. Mr Richard Karanja of Kangemi Gender Based Violence and Peace Working Group reported that their participation and engagement with the administration Police in Kangemi area of Nairobi in addressing the issues affecting them has seen an improvement in the level of security and development.

Lillian Achieng’ a teacher at Vigil School was also a beneficiary of past activities by CEA. As a result of the lessons learnt through these activities, they have been able to adopt better management as well as humane practices in helping the children in education. For instance, as a school they have ensured that all their children enjoy their freedom of religion by setting aside time for prayers for the different religions that the children belong; these include Muslims, Seventh Day Adventist (SDA) and Christians. They have also included in their program home visits for their children who show signs of distress. This way they have maintained a close relationship with their children and parents and have also been involving them in setting the strategic plans for the school.

As part of program, there was a briefing from government representatives on the available government services. Mr. Kayaga from the Ministry of planning and Devolution and Mr. Nyaga from the Uwezo Fund Committee Ng’ando Ward briefed the participants on the services available. He pointed out the Kenya Youth Empowerment Program (KYEP) a project that is supported by World Bank and partners with the Kenya Private Sector Alliance (KEPSA) in a bid to empower mainly the young people age 18 to 29 years by equipping them with life skills, Co-business skills and internship opportunity to increase their employability. They also pointed out other financial supports including the Youth Enterprise Fund, Women Enterprise Fund and the Uwezo fund. They went ahead to explain the requirement to receive such funds.

Participants discussed other funds that were within their knowledge, from the discussion funds such as the Cash transfer for the aged, disability fund and the street children rehabilitation funds were identified. Participants working in areas funded by these funds or requiring such funds, were encouraged to find more information on the requirement for accessing such funds by visiting/consulting with institutions that are tasked to manage these funds.

There was an expectation that this session would offer more opportunity for the public to engage with their leaders but as noted earlier most of them were not able to attend hence other sectors of the administration were unrepresented. This include the police, the Chief, the Member of the County Assembly, Member of parliament Dagorreti, the District Commissioner among others.

After the training, participants expressed gratitude in the training and encouraged that each of the individual organizations represented should strive to incorporate HRBA in their activities. They also required that the participants present share the information they got with others not present and also in their organizations. By so doing the participants expressed confidence that they would popularize the practice and have better organizations.

Participants further suggested some activities that could be carried out in future on the same area. These activities include; Organize HBRA trainings for Community Based Organizations, Self help and youth groups existing in the different areas represented by the organizations present in the training. Organize exchange visits for organization for collective learning, organize training on Children Rights in schools, convene a forum for people with disability and also organize forums that analyze the underrepresented issue to be presented to the media and leaders.