Gender Mainstreaming Training V

By Sammy Mwangi

What is Gender Mainstreaming?

A feasible tool to ensure that a gender perspective is included at all stages of planning and implementation of policies, projects and programmes in organizations so that women’s needs are incorporated into existing gender neutral and gender based organizational structures.

GM is about rethinking development policies processes and organizations/ institutions so that they include not only women themselves but also their priorities as a whole.

Gender Mainstreaming is both an approach and a strategy.

As an Approach

It places gender concerns and issues at the centre for policy, decision, programme planning, implementation and monitoring as well as in institutional/organizational structures.

As a Strategy

A way of working to include gender equality concerns in all stages of policies, programmes and projects.

The two forms of Gender Mainstreaming are:

Integration Version

This refers to ensuring that equality concerns are integrated in the existing development interventions without transforming the development agenda itself. As such, women’s needs are included into many programmes and sectors but sectoral and programme priorities remain intact without any change.

Agenda setting or Transformative

  • It involves the transformation of existing development agenda.
  • It implies the participation of women in all stages of development, decision making and implementation.
  • It entails the recognition of not only women needs as individuals but also women’s agenda as a whole within the development intervention.

Gender Mainstreaming as a practice

In an organization it involves that the authority to ensure management are:

  • Equipped to develop and implement activities that support equality learning opportunities.
  • Equipped with analytical skills and research base for appropriate policy and programme development including the ability to develop initiatives to address existing disparities in access to development.

Being part of the mainstream

Equitable access to organization’s resources including socially valued goods, opportunities, reward socially valued goods are :-

  • Services e.g. water, health, market.
  • Opportunities ,e.g. employments,  trainings
  • Rewards: promotions, gifts and presents.

To ensure that needs are satisfied equally to men and women.

Why Gender in development organization

Aim: achieving gender Equality= men + women having

  • Equal visibility
  • Equal   access and power concerning resources and decision making.
  • Example: women are good spenders than men and have more opportunities which they
  • Utilize well on domestic issues.
  • Equal visibility means being there and feel as  part of the process, being recognized,

Why Gender Mainstreaming?

  • To address on human rights
  • It involves both men and women and makes full use of resources
  • It leads to better informed policy making and better governance (provide opportunity to strengthens the policies.)
  • It takes into account the diversity among women/men in terms of their needs and concerns (uniqueness, different values, beliefs)

The objectives of Gender Mainstreaming

  • Advancing gender equality through organizational activities
  • Creating sensitive and participatory institutional culture and management structure within an organization.
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