Zippy Okoth Singing against Paedophilia

 

In this music Zippy Okoth sings against paedophilia and child rape and gives a graphic detail of the resulting negative psychological impact it has on the children and even as they grow into adult hood.

 

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Child rape in Umoja, Nairobi

Source KTN

A woman was having sex with small boys. She even transmitted veneral diseases to the young children some being as young as four.

Serial Paedophile Nabbed by Police – Kenya

Source NTV
A 30 year old suspected Paedophile was arraigned in court today on rape charges. Nicholas Bwire was arrested following an attempt to have pornographic photographs of himself and minors processed at a photo studio.

Agents of evangelization – The Family

By ecclesiainafrica here

The family is a privileged place for evangelical witness

The family should become a privileged place for evangelical witness, a true domestic church, a community chich believes and evangelizes, a community in dialogue with God and generously open to the service of humanity. Thus the family is the school of Christian life and a school for human enrichment.

The family should be built in solid African value pillars

Dioceses will develop a programme for the family apostolate as part of their overall pastoral plan. The family should be built on solid pillars and noble values of the African tradition. The family is hence a powerful nucleus of Christian witness in a society undergoing rapid and profound changes.

Gender Mainstreaming Training V

By Sammy Mwangi

What is Gender Mainstreaming?

A feasible tool to ensure that a gender perspective is included at all stages of planning and implementation of policies, projects and programmes in organizations so that women’s needs are incorporated into existing gender neutral and gender based organizational structures.

GM is about rethinking development policies processes and organizations/ institutions so that they include not only women themselves but also their priorities as a whole.

Gender Mainstreaming is both an approach and a strategy.

As an Approach

It places gender concerns and issues at the centre for policy, decision, programme planning, implementation and monitoring as well as in institutional/organizational structures.

As a Strategy

A way of working to include gender equality concerns in all stages of policies, programmes and projects.

The two forms of Gender Mainstreaming are:

Integration Version

This refers to ensuring that equality concerns are integrated in the existing development interventions without transforming the development agenda itself. As such, women’s needs are included into many programmes and sectors but sectoral and programme priorities remain intact without any change.

Agenda setting or Transformative

  • It involves the transformation of existing development agenda.
  • It implies the participation of women in all stages of development, decision making and implementation.
  • It entails the recognition of not only women needs as individuals but also women’s agenda as a whole within the development intervention.

Gender Mainstreaming as a practice

In an organization it involves that the authority to ensure management are:

  • Equipped to develop and implement activities that support equality learning opportunities.
  • Equipped with analytical skills and research base for appropriate policy and programme development including the ability to develop initiatives to address existing disparities in access to development.

Being part of the mainstream

Equitable access to organization’s resources including socially valued goods, opportunities, reward socially valued goods are :-

  • Services e.g. water, health, market.
  • Opportunities ,e.g. employments,  trainings
  • Rewards: promotions, gifts and presents.

To ensure that needs are satisfied equally to men and women.

Why Gender in development organization

Aim: achieving gender Equality= men + women having

  • Equal visibility
  • Equal   access and power concerning resources and decision making.
  • Example: women are good spenders than men and have more opportunities which they
  • Utilize well on domestic issues.
  • Equal visibility means being there and feel as  part of the process, being recognized,

Why Gender Mainstreaming?

  • To address on human rights
  • It involves both men and women and makes full use of resources
  • It leads to better informed policy making and better governance (provide opportunity to strengthens the policies.)
  • It takes into account the diversity among women/men in terms of their needs and concerns (uniqueness, different values, beliefs)

The objectives of Gender Mainstreaming

  • Advancing gender equality through organizational activities
  • Creating sensitive and participatory institutional culture and management structure within an organization.

Gender Mainstreaming Training IV

By Sammy Mwangi

Internalization of Gender Sensitivity

Internalization of gender sensitivity  should lead us to take action toward creating awareness. Describing equity as a historical disadvantages which lead to equality in terms of opportunities, services, employment the facilitator gave an example of a girl who is discouraged in school that she can’t perform mathematics that it is a subject for boys grows up knowing that leading to opportunities related to mathematics.

Women are supposed to be encouraged to participate competitively in any position and on merit which will provide critical guidelines to gender issues and policies.

In analyzing of resources within gender division of labor it was emphasized to identify resources (inputs) and factors influencing men/women access to and control over resources. These resources can be classified as need or benefit i.e. money may be in the productive role and a benefit (income earned). In this case changes could take place in the level/condition of access to control over some resources to all women/men to engage into new roles they have chosen leading to the identification of women and men’s different gender needs.

The needs were classified in two different kinds such as practical Gender Needs (PGN) and Strategic gender needs.

Practical Gender Needs.

These are immediate, material daily needs and also referred to as satisfiers. They are expressed through the demand to more access to resources/opportunities to perform the existing gender roles. PGN includes water, food, employment, shelter clothing e.t.c.

Strategic Gender Needs (SGN)

These are long term consciousness raising and empowerment training which includes eliminating sexual division of labor and combating sexual discrimination.

When women/men (community) want to change the customary gender divisions of labour, power relations and factors that create gender inequalities, they express a strategic gender need as they directly challenge gender based power relation.

Gender Mainstreaming Training III

By Sammy Mwangi

The Gender Concept

It is a social and cultural construct and it refers to roles, attributes and values assigned by culture and society to men/boys and women/girls. It is by human design and does not mean men or women but it asks what roles we can do as men/boys and women/girls. In order to understand and address about gender it is important to change the attitudes and understand the concept.  According to the views of the participants the gender roles are determined by socialization which reinforces them such as poverty, culture, religion, education, taboos, politics, economic status, language, rule of stereotype e.t.c.  The process of socialization is maintained by women, men, law e.t.c.

In the discussion groups the participants were able to answer the following questions:

  • How do men and women relate in society?
  • Who has power and what power?
  • How does power affect men and women in society?

It was realized that the way men and women relate depends on the roles they take in the society. The are roles that men take willingly and comfortably as well as women do, the issue is that there are some roles which either don’t need to be infringed by the other. On the issue of dowry the relationship makes a woman treated as a property.

The types of power discussed were power over, power to, power with and power within. In power over it deals with authority or one who don’t let go. Power to is mostly concerned on decision making e.g.  Women having power to sell vegetables but not a sheep. Power with helps in negotiation or complimentary and power within is based on assertiveness, inner energy, renewal and seeing the need to do something.

Other key terms which are mostly used in highlighting gender issues are:

  • Gender Consciousness
  • Gender Sensitivity
  • Gender Discrimination
  • Gender Responsiveness
  • Gender Empowerment

Gender Consciousness

This is a process of making people aware of the low status of both men and women and the possibilities of raising these statuses in regards to the roles given to the society. It is also about realizing that our roles and identities as men and women in society are not natural given or in person but rather are socially constructed learned and specific.

Gender Sensitivity

It is a concept that brings the inequalities between men and women in terms of quality and quantity representation in any given scenario.

A conscientization strategy concerned with increasing people’s awareness to the implication of gender inequality and demanding that problems of gender discrimination be identified in policies and programmes.

Gender Discrimination

It is denying rights on the basis of sexual orientation and a practice of letting a person’s/sex unfairly become a factor when deciding who receives what job promotion, gift, benefit e.t.c.

Gender Responsiveness

Is a process of creating an environment that reflects an understanding of realities of women’s and men’s lives and addresses their issues. Equality is enabling men and women to understand the modern challenges they face.

Empowerment

Empowerment is both a process and outcome and it can be individual or collective. It is about women, girls and men gaining power and control over their lives. It about:

  • Building self-confident
  • Raising awareness to oneself and others
  • Increased access to and control over resources.

Gender Division of Labor

The allocation of differential tasks, roles, responsibilities and activities to women and men according to what is considered socially and culturally appropriate.

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