Promoting the awareness of Street Children Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation and other Purposes in Dar

HOPE FOR THE CHILDREN, Dar es Salaam

hforchildren@gmail.com

By Joyce Mango, Executive Director,

H4C was established to  accompany children in the streets of Dar, advocate and serve them. The project was established in the year ………….. Since its establishment H4C continues to assist homeless and vulnerable street children and adolescents including their families; who are at a high risk of exploitation and emotional abuse especially through forced commercial sex and violence in the streets.

On 16th June 2011 the Tanzanian government has admitted that it had no clear statistics of the number of children living on the streets or the kind of harm and exploitation they are exposed to. It is also noted that Some  parents  send their children to streets to beg and bring back to them what they got. In Tanzania these children are referred to as watoto wa mitaani (children of the places). Hence giving the implication of the fact that the children living and working on the streets are ignored, sconned and misunderstood by the society and the government.  In 2007, Mkombozi Center reported that 350,000 under 15 years Tanzanian children were involved in child labour at slave wage conditions and under harzadous conditions in commercial agriculture or in mining and quarry sites. Hence child labour occurs because impoverished parents allow their children to be employed and to drop out of school.  Dar es Salaam, Arusha, Singida, Morogoro, Iringa, Dodoma, Mwanza (carried out in June 2008) and Mbeya have been identified as  either having a high prevalence of street children and/or were known cities where street children originate from and/or travel through on their way to the larger cities.

Children end up in the streets because of various reasons. They may have been trafficked by Family members or they may be escaping from desperate economic circumstances including family violence too. While in the streets children face exploitations of various kinds. They may be exposed to sexual exploitation or become exploited as porters, in domestic servitude, begging or even in carrying out criminal activities such as drug peddling or robberies. Some children become exploited in prostitution including child sex tourism, street begging and vending. While women and girls are more susceptible to domestic servitude and sexual exploitation, men and boys may be recruited as soldiers, other menial jobs or join criminal gangs.

H4C works is mainly in the streets where it hopes to help in helping the children secure their rights as provided in the Convention on the Rights of the Child. These rights include 1. Right to life; nutrition, shelter and medical care. 2. Development rights including education, family and societal reintegration and lastly developing their human capital. 3. Right to protection which includes fighting all forms of abuse against children such as arbitrary arrests, physical, sexual and emotional abuse. 4. Right to participation including making children aware of their responsibilities and promoting actions  that integrate the children into the community and the society. This is also in line with reintegrating the children into their families, the society, public school system and into their culture.

Vision

Service, accompaniment and advocacy for street children

Mission

H4C works with children and young people, the homeless, both rural and urban populations and families in order to reduce the problems faced by the children in the streets.

Goal(s)

Organizing awareness and informative campaigns on streets children human trafficking

Objectives and activities

To promote a multi stakeholder involvement to prevent child trafficking

  • Streets human trafficking awareness raising activities
  • Activities aimed at educating parents
  • Awareness activities aimed at the general public (radio, tv, traditional performances)

Promote family and societal reintegration activities amongst the children

  • Reunite street children with their family.
  • To facilitate the return to school of children.
  • To provide basic health care to street children.
  • To provide training and psychological support aimed at facilitating behavior change.
  • Guiding and educating parents through counseling especially before taking them back to home.
  • To transport children who are willing to go back their home.

http://www.streetchildren.org.uk/project.asp?projectID=8

http://www.mkombozi.org/publications/press_release/2007_06_14_press_release_50percent_population.pdf

http://www.unicef.org/sowc06/press/release.php

http://www.repoa.or.tz/content/blogcategory/24/52/

http://gvnet.com/streetchildren/Tanzania.htm

http://www.fiuc.org/iaup/ssi/PDF-doc/IDS-doc/Streetchildren.pdf

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