Human Trafficking study in Tanzania by Ministry of Health & Social Welfare – Tanzania

Posted on October 27, 2010 by The Counter Human Trafficking Blog in Tanzania

Find original posting here

Study duration: 1st Jan 70 at 2:00am  to 28th Oct 10 at 12:03am

1.0 Rationale and approach

Trafficking in persons is a modern form of slavery. Traffickers use threats, intimidation and violence to force victims to engage in commercial sex acts or to labor under slave-like conditions for the traffickers’ financial gain.  Each year as many as 700,000 people around the world, primarily women and children, are bought, sold, transported and held for the purpose of forced commercial sex or labor.

Currently, there is no accurate data on the extent of this problem in Tanzania and need to conduct an assessment to determine not only the magnitude of the problem, but also the dynamics of this illegal trade. The assessment will be conducted in selected areas where the practice of human trafficking is reported to be more rampant. Available study reports conducted in 2000 by Kiota Women Health Development (KIWOHEDE) ,  a local NGO based in Dar es Salaam in Tanzania ,  indicate  that some women and children are being trafficked internally from rural to urban areas of Tanzania for domestic work, commercial agriculture, fishing, mining, and child prostitution.  Some other sources report that Tanzanian women and girls are also trafficked to South Africa, the Middle East, North Africa, Europe, and the United States for commercial sexual exploitation.  Children in the country’s large refugee population groups are especially vulnerable to being trafficked to work on farms, while some refugees in different camps in Tanzania, are also recruited as child soldiers for participation in conflicts in their countries and other places. The Tanzanian government is engaging in combating Human trafficking activities through various interventions apart from increasing public awareness on this practice.

The Ministry of Health and Social Welfare (MOHSW) through the National AIDS Control Programme (NACP), would like to combat Human Trafficking as a strategy to fight HIV and STI transmission through such practices and HT victims.

2.0  Objectives of the study
The objectives of the study will include:-
1. To provide baseline data on the current situation of human trafficking in Tanzania, including trafficking trends, root causes and dynamics related to HT from village, district and regional levels
2. To assess the environment for trafficking and the demand side (i.e., health care response, community awareness on victims of HT, targeted locations of crime and corruption, strength of rule of law to support anti-trafficking efforts, etc.)
3. Assessing risk and vulnerability factors on the supply side (i.e., victim’s profile, demographics, domestic violence, sexual abuse, susceptibility to infectious diseases and other health-related dangers).

3.0 Study areas .
Eight regions were selected in Tanzania Mainland where the study was conducted. However, in every selected region, the study was conducted in two districts except in Dar es Salaam region where the study was conducted in all the three districts (Ilala, Kinondoni and Temeke). The selected regions are, Iringa, Morogoro, Manyara, Arusha, Singida, Tanga and Dar es Salaam. Each of the upcountry regions was represented by one urban district and one from rural areas.

3.2. Selection criteria
The assumption is that, the selected regions of Iringa, Morogoro, Singida, Dodoma, Arusha, Manyara and Tanga are the main source from where people especially women and children are allegedly trafficked to big cities especially Dar es Salaam for domestic work, mining and fishing, only to mention a few.

4.0. Methodology
The consultant in collaboration with NACP developed study tools which were used to collect data for the study. The tools were shared and finalized through a workshop which was done in KCC, Kibaha from 10-14 November 2008. The Orientation workshop was attended by Regional AIDS Control Coordinators (RACCS) from the selected regions and few MOHSW/NACP staff, and research assistants. Data collection was conducted for ten working days simultaneously.

4.1. Main Activities of the Orientation workshop
The main objective of the workshop which was held in Dar es Salaam was to orient the research assistants who are the users of the study tools on how to use them in their respective areas of study.

Workshop activities included presentations on the historical background of human trafficking globally and in Tanzania, followed by study of the working tools and harmonization. The fourth day was used to pre-test the tools while the fifth day was used to finalize them.

4. 2. Data analysis
The collected data will be analyze and used to;
1. To provide recommendations for the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare for programs to support a public health awareness campaign for training of  health care workers and approaches for disseminating materials and educational outreach programmes

2. It will also provide information to advise the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare on ways to increase collaboration on anti human trafficking in the country as well as provide public awareness and education in collaboration with other government agencies, including the U.S. government.  interventions/ activities for short- and long-terms plans.

4.3 Human Trafficking Study: targeted Key Informants
A: Targeted key informants
Region District Community
Regional Social Welfare Officer (RSWO) District Social Welfare Officer  (DSWO) Village street chairpersons, Victims, X-victims, farm factory managers, mines owners, traffickers, activists, member of victims, family, influential persons (teachers, religious leaders, traditional healers, TBAs etc.)
NB. At least seven interviews per district.

B: Observation guide
1. Characteristics of victims, traffickers, customers (CSW)
2. Nature of exploitation/living conditions of victims
3. On –going anti – HT activities/awareness creation
4. Victim recruiting process and methods
5. HIV & AIDS risk behaviors and practices (important)
6. Sources/means of income generation/economic activities
7. General living conditions in the study area.

C: Study phases
The study was divided into the following phases:
Phase 1: Development of study tools
Phase 2: Training workshop (10-14th November 2008 KCC Kibaha)
Phase 3: Field work in the 8 selected regions (17th -26th November 2008)
Phase 4: Data analysis
Phase 5: Sharing and utilization of the study findings


3 Comments (+add yours?)

  1. fanuel sabini
    May 13, 2012 @ 14:30:30

    Am fanuel sabini working in social counter terrorism in Tanzania.
    Am so suprised with that our country is among the top country for HT,
    Something should be done before we end to in criminal hands like drugs in coluimbia!.
    Our organization PTA/HW TRUST FUND is consulting one of local media house so that a special move can be
    Produced with the main objective of public human trafficing awerenes !.
    Please join us hand



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